Legislation :: Conventions on BD
The national legislations alone are not efficient enough for preserving and managing biological diversity, especially in cases concerning resources outside the sovereign borders of the states e.g. open sea and ocean areas, sea bottom, and Antarctica. Plant and animal species are unaware of the state borders and their populations, with small exceptions, are shared between several countries.
Large part of the global biodiversity is concentrated in the developing countries which usually are not able to provide the resources necessary for preserving and managing this diversity. It is therefore recommended that the states, which possess the necessary funds and which are in most of the cases the main consumers of resources, share the benefits which they derive from biodiversity.
A step towards solving these problems is provided by the conventions and other international treaties. In spite of the lack of coordination, omissions and overlaps that appear in the course of their drafting and implementation, they are one of the most powerful means for biodiversity conservation and management.
According to the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, the conventions ratified by the Parliament, being part of the international legislation, are obligatory for Bulgaria and they have priority over the national laws in case contradictions arise with some of these laws.
National Nature Protection Service under the Ministry of Environment and Water
The National Nature Protection Service (NNPS) is the specialized directorate of the Ministry of Environment and Water which conducts the national policy related to biodiversity and protected areas. The NNPS web site provides information about conventions, directives and agreements- listed under the “INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS" section of the main menu.
Bulgarian Biodiversity Platform
Bulgarian Biodiversity Platform provides at its web site a list of laws, conventions, programmes, and strategies.
Ministry of Environment and Water
The official Internet site of the Ministry of Environment and Water provides access to information and the texts of international conventions and agreements signed and ratified by Bulgaria. In addition, a detailed list of the European directives and regulations and the national legislative acts, through which the national environmental legislation is harmonized with the European one, is available.
About Biodiversity Conventions
Direct access to the official web sites of the conventions aimed at biodiversity conservation is provided in the article “Conventions- links to the official web sites" where a list of links is included. Another article titled “Biodiversity Related Conventions: Overview" offers short description of the aims and priorities of these international documents.