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Legislation :: European legislation

The European law in the field of the environmental protection and the nature conservation is linked to two institutions: Council of Europe (СЕ) and the European Union (EU).

The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organization, established five years before the European Union. These are all country members of the EU, as well as the new democratic states in Europe, including also Bulgaria. Being an intergovernmental organization, the EU can undertake actions only after a consensus is reached among its members. Although the Council could also serve as a forum in the elaboration of the laws and their enforcement, it has no real power to sanction if any country violated its international obligations.

The most important document of the EU, in terms of the biodiversity is the Bern Convention

The character of the European Union (EU) is above national and has great legislative, juridical and executive power in the fields of its competence. The larger part of its day-to-day administrative activities do not require the consensus agreement of the member countries. The EU has a number of instruments for the elaboration and enforcement of the norms in the field of the biodiversity – the Commission, the European Court, the Parliament of Europe.

The fundamental documents of the EU in the field of the biodiversity are the Habitats Directive and the Birds Directive, as well as many others.

National Nature Protection Service under the Ministry of Environment and Water
Ministry of Environment and Water
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