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Biodivervity in Bulgaria :: BD and climate change

The intense industrial development over the last century particularly in the “developed world” and deforestation processes are considered the major causes for the global warming. The evidence of it nowadays is the increase of the global average temperatures, extreme weather events, change of evaporation and precipitation regimes, droughts, snow cover decline and glacier retreat.

As a response of the international community concerns in regard to the global warming, in 1992 the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change was opened for signature. It was one of three international treaties adopted at the 1992 "Rio Earth Summit." The others - the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention to Combat Desertification - involve matters strongly affected by climate change. Climate change affects biodiversity and desertification. The more intense and far-reaching climate change is, the greater will be the loss of plant and animal species and the more dryland and semi-arid terrain around the world will lose vegetation and deteriorate.

The information sources presented below and relating to the climate change and its interrelation with biodiversity are organized in the following modules: International Policy and Legislation; UNEP- WCMC Programme on Climate Change; and Biodiversity and Climate Change Policy in Bulgaria.

The Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention and for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so. As such, it charts a new course in the global climate effort.

The Paris Agreement central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change. To reach these ambitious goals, appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity building framework will be put in place, thus supporting action by developing countries and the most vulnerable countries, in line with their own national objectives. The Agreement also provides for enhanced transparency of action and support through a more robust transparency framework. Further information on key aspects of the Agreement can be found here.



National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan

The Ministry of Environment and Water is in the process of implementing the project "National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan".

The project is funded under Priority Axis  № 2 “Effective and Professional Governance in Partnership with the Civil Society and the Business” of the Operational Programme "Good Governance 2014-2020", co-financed by the EU through the European Social Fund.

The main objectives of the project are to outline the strategic framework and priority directions for adaptation to climate change at national and sectoral level in the period up to 2030 and also to define possible measures to reduce country's vulnerability to climate change and to improve the capacity to adapt the natural, social, and economic systems to the inevitable and intensified impacts of climate change.


Proposal for a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan


National Green Investment Scheme

National Green Investment Scheme
The National Trust EcoFund (NTEF) was established in October 1995. The Fund manages assets from the state budget, including under the Debt-for-Environment and the Debt-for-Nature swaps.

Funds are also generated via the Assigned Amount Units (AAUs) international trade deal(s), the sale of greenhouse gas emissions quotas for aviation activities, as well as funds, provided by other environmental protection agreements between the Republic of Bulgaria and international or local financing sources.

National Trust EcoFund official website: https://ecofund-bg.org/en/home/

Biodiversity and Climate Change Policy in Bulgaria

Ministry of Environment and Water (MoEW)

 The web page provides access to:

-          Documents related to international agreements and national progress reports on CLIMATE CHANGE issues.

-          Partnerships of MoEW

-          Contact persons

Bulgarian National Capacity Self-Assessment (NCSA) for Improved Global Environmental Management" Project

Project "Bulgarian National Capacity Self-Assessment (NCSA) for Improved Global Environmental Management" was implemented by the Bulgarian Ministry of Environment and Water and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with resources of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) during the period 1 December 2002 – 31 December 2004 .

The project enabled an in-depth assessment of the existing capacities of Bulgaria to fulfill its obligations under three UN Conventions - the Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention to Combat Desertification and developed Strategy and Plan for capacity improvement.

The Strategy and Plan are inseparable parts of the draft National Environmental Strategy and Action Plan 2005 – 2014. The NCSA Strategy and Plan will become official documents with the adoption of the National Environmental Strategy by the Council of Ministers and the National Assembly.

The Strategy and Plan are available for downloading from the web site along with all the other project documents.

European Youth Portal
Information and opportunities for young people across Europe.



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