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Biodivervity in Bulgaria :: Scientific data

”Although Bulgaria is a relatively small country (110,912 sq. km), it is rich in biological diversity due to its highly varied climatic, geological, topographic and hydrologic conditions. These characteristics predetermine the occurrence of biota, consisting of 94 species of mammals, 383 birds, 36 reptiles, 16 amphibians, 207 Black Sea and freshwater fish, around 27,000 insects and other invertebrates, between 3,500 and 3,750 higher plant species and more than 6,500 lower plants and fungi. Thus Bulgaria country-region ranks among the countries of the greatest biological diversity in Europe.”


National Biodiversity
Conservation Strategy


National Museum of Natural History

Being the richest natural history museum on the Balkans, the National Museum of Natural History studies, preserves and disseminates information about the living and non-living nature both in Bulgaria and throughout the world. Through its notable scientific collections and its impressive exhibitions, the Museum has gained the reputation of a widely respectable institution over the last 112 years.

Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences /IBER/

The Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research (IBER) was established on 1 July 2010 after merging of Institute of Zoology, Institute of Botany and Central Laboratory of General Ecology on the basis of resolution of General Assembly of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences from 23.03.2010.

Significant national and international researches are carried out in IBER in theoretical and applied aspects of ecology, biodiversity, environmental conservation and sustainable use of biological resources. Now the Institute has high qualified staff and the plan is to train such staff in the area of botany, mycology, zoology, ecology, hydrobiology, conservation biology, environmental genetic, evolutionary biology and other closely related scientific areas, as well as to ensure scientific information, to give methodic supply to governmental institutions and civil society structures, and to present the country in European Research Area within its competence.

The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences is the oldest institution in modern Bulgaria.

The Academy performs scientific work in accordance with the universal human values, national traditions and interests. It participates in the development of world science and helps to multiply the spiritual and material values ​​of the nation.

- Research and development activity (R&D)

- Agricultural Academy



Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Full list of the bird species in Bulgaria with their status in Bulgaria and conservation status 

(or follow the path: Activities>> Species Conservation>> Status of Birds in Bulgaria from the home page )

Mid-winter count results 

(or follow the path: Activities>> Species Conservation>> Status of Birds in Bulgaria from the home page )


Ministry of Science and Education

-  Universities





The BULgarian BIOdiversity NETwork (BULBIONET) is designed to perform a permanent computing web-accessible gateway which allows real-time interoperational search of multiply academic and national databases containing primary and metalevel biodiversity data (species records, catalogues, bibliography, geographic data, ecosystem data, etc.).

Dragonflies in Bulgaria

Dragonflies in Bulgaria- the web site offers scientific data along with facts and events, which are attractive for everybody interested in the nature. A list of dragonfly species in Bulgaria is included, accompanied by photographs of each species. A Red List of dragonflies is also available. The web site is aimed at outlining the priorities of scientific research in this area such as precise species or subspecies identification, distribution in the country, proofs for reproduction over certain territories, ecological characteristics etc. An overview of the odonatology history in Bulgaria is presented along with detailed reference list. Author: Milen Marinov

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